International Criminal Court (ICC)
Topic: Prosecution of Nicolás Maduro
The International Criminal Court is an international tribunal empowered to prosecute individuals accused of committing the most severe crimes, including genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crimes of aggression. Due to the social and economic crisis occurring in Venezuela, some states have referred Nicolas Maduro to the ICC, so that he could be prosecuted as responsible for the situation in the country.
The goal of the court is not to determine if severe crimes are indeed happening in the nation, but to determine if Maduro ordered or not the actions that led to those crimes. On the one hand, the prosecuting team needs to link the crimes occurring in Venezuela with Maduro's position as Head of State. On the other, the defense team will need to present the evidence that separates the defendant with the alleged crimes. It is finally the judges' role to question the teams and produce the final judgment.